A TO Z OF PLASTICS

 

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SINGLE USE PLASTICSThis is just a small sample of the plastic packaging that you will find in retails stores all over the world. A good proportion of this packaging - around 8 millions tons a year, will end up in our oceans, in the gut of the fish we eat, in the stomachs of seabirds and in the intestines of whales and other marine mammals. Copyright photograph 22-7-17 Cleaner Ocean Foundation Ltd, all rights reserved.

 

 

We need plastics in our modern society. Plastics aid human development and support life in all kinds of ways, so that they are indispensable to us. What is not so wonderful is the over exploitation of single or disposable products that is not in keeping with our wish to conserve resources in the quest for a circular world economy.

 

There are three kinds of plastics and all have their place in a high tech world where we expect high standards of living at affordable prices, to include medical treatment and communications.

 

 

 

POLYMER NAME Min Value (g/cm3) Max Value (g/cm3) AVERAGE (g/cm3)
- - - -
ABS - Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene 1.02 1.21 1.115
ABS Flame Retardant 1.15 1.2 1.175
ABS High Heat 1.1 1.15 1.125
ABS High Impact 1 1.1 1.05
ABS/PC Blend - Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene/Polycarbonate Blend 1.1 1.15 1.125
ABS/PC Blend 20% Glass Fiber 1.25 1.25 1.25
ABS/PC Flame Retardant 1.17 1.19 1.18
Amorphous TPI Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant (High Flow) 1.37 1.37 1.37
Amorphous TPI Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant (Standard Flow) 1.37 1.37 1.37
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Lead-Free Solderable, 30% GF 1.52 1.52 1.52
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (High Flow) 1.31 1.31 1.31
Amorphous TPI, High Heat, High Flow, Transparent, Lead-Free Solderable (Standard Flow) 1.31 1.31 1.31
Amorphous TPI, Highest Heat, Chemical Resistant, 260C UL RTI 1.42 1.42 1.42
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent 1.3 1.3 1.3
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Food Contact Approved) 1.3 1.3 1.3
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Mold Release grade) 1.3 1.3 1.3
Amorphous TPI, Moderate Heat, Transparent (Powder form) 1.3 1.3 1.3
ASA - Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate 1.05 1.07 1.06
ASA/PC Blend - Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/Polycarbonate Blend 1.15 1.15 1.15
ASA/PC Flame Retardant 1.25 1.25 1.25
ASA/PVC Blend - Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate/Polyvinyl Chloride Blend 1.2 1.2 1.2
CA - Cellulose Acetate 1.22 1.34 1.28
CAB - Cellulose Acetate Butyrate 1.15 1.22 1.185
Celllulose Diacetate-Pearlescent Films 1.36 1.36 1.36
Celllulose Diacetate-Gloss Film 1.31 1.31 1.31
Celllulose Diacetate-Integuard Films 1.28 1.32 1.3
Celllulose Diacetate-Matt Film 1.31 1.31 1.31
Cellulose Diacetate-Window Patch Film (Food Grade) 1.31 1.31 1.31
Cellulose Diacetate-Clareflect metallized film 1.31 1.31 1.31
Cellulose Diacetate-Colored Films 1.31 1.31 1.31
Cellulose Diacetate-Flame retardant Film 1.34 1.36 1.35
Cellulose Diacetate-High Slip Film 1.31 1.31 1.31
Cellulose Diacetate-Semitone Films 1.31 1.31 1.31
CP - Cellulose Proprionate 1.17 1.24 1.205
COC - Cyclic Olefin Copolymer 1.01 1.03 1.02
CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride 1.5 1.55 1.525
ECR - Exopy Cast Resin 1.11 1.4 1.255
ETFE - Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene 1.7 1.7 1.7
EVA - Ethylene Vinyl Acetate 0.92 0.94 0.93
EVOH - Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol 1.1 1.2 1.15
FEP - Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene 2.1 2.2 2.15
HDPE - High Density Polyethylene 0.94 0.97 0.955
HIPS - High Impact Polystyrene 1.03 1.06 1.045
HIPS Flame Retardant V0 1.15 1.17 1.16
Ionomer (Ethylene-Methyl Acrylate Copolymer) 0.94 0.97 0.955
LCP - Liquid Crystal Polymer 1.4 1.4 1.4
LCP Carbon Fiber-reinforced 1.5 1.5 1.5
LCP Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.5 1.8 1.65
LCP Mineral-filled 1.5 1.8 1.65
LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene 0.917 0.94 0.9285
LLDPE - Linear Low Density Polyethylene 0.915 0.95 0.9325
MABS - Transparent Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene 1.08 1.08 1.08
PA 11 - (Polyamide 11) 30% Glass fiber reinforced 1.25 1.27 1.26
PA 11, Conductive 1.13 1.13 1.13
PA 11, Flexible 1.03 1.05 1.04
PA 11, Rigid 1.02 1.03 1.025
PA 12 (Polyamide 12), Conductive 1.14 1.14 1.14
PA 12, Fiber-reinforced 1.07 1.41 1.24
PA 12, Flexible 1.01 1.04 1.025
PA 12, Glass Filled 1.22 1.42 1.32
PA 12, Rigid 1.01 1.01 1.01
PA 46 - Polyamide 46 1.17 1.19 1.18
PA 46, 30% Glass Fiber 1.42 1.44 1.43
PA 6 - Polyamide 6 1.12 1.14 1.13
PA 6-10 - Polyamide 6-10 1.09 1.1 1.095
PA 66 - Polyamide 6-6 1.13 1.15 1.14
PA 66, 30% Glass Fiber 1.37 1.37 1.37
PA 66, 30% Mineral filled 1.35 1.38 1.365
PA 66, Impact Modified, 15-30% Glass Fiber 1.25 1.35 1.3
PA 66, Impact Modified 1.05 1.1 1.075
PA 66, Carbon Fiber, Long, 30% Filler by Weight 1.3 1.3 1.3
PA 66, Carbon Fiber, Long, 40% Filler by Weight 1.35 1.35 1.35
PA 66, Glass Fiber, Long, 40% Filler by Weight 1.45 1.45 1.45
PA 66, Glass Fiber, Long, 50% Filler by Weight 1.6 1.6 1.6
Polyamide semi-aromatic 1.04 1.06 1.05
PAI - Polyamide-Imide 1.4 1.4 1.4
PAI, 30% Glass Fiber 1.6 1.6 1.6
PAI, Low Friction 1.4 1.5 1.45
PAN - Polyacrylonitrile 1.1 1.15 1.125
PAR - Polyarylate 1.2 1.26 1.23
PARA (Polyarylamide), 30-60% glass fiber 1.43 1.77 1.6
PBT - Polybutylene Terephthalate 1.3 1.4 1.35
PBT, 30% Glass Fiber 1.5 1.6 1.55
PC (Polycarbonate) 20-40% Glass Fiber 1.35 1.52 1.435
PC (Polycarbonate) 20-40% Glass Fiber Flame Retardant 1.4 1.5 1.45
PC - Polycarbonate, high heat 1.15 1.2 1.175
PC/PBT Blend - Polycarbonate/Polybutylene Terephthalate Blend 1.17 1.3 1.235
PC/PBT blend, Glass Filled 1.3 1.59 1.445
PCL - Polycaprolactone 1.14 1.14 1.14
PCTFE - Polymonochlorotrifluoroethylene 2.1 2.2 2.15
PE - Polyethylene 30% Glass Fiber 1.2 1.28 1.24
PE/TPS Blend - Polyethylene/Thermoplastic Starch 1 1.05 1.025
PEEK - Polyetheretherketone 1.26 1.32 1.29
PEEK 30% Carbon Fiber-reinforced 1.4 1.44 1.42
PEEK 30% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.49 1.54 1.515
PEI - Polyetherimide 1.27 1.3 1.285
PEI, 30% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.5 1.6 1.55
PEI, Mineral Filled 1.4 1.5 1.45
PEKK (Polyetherketoneketone), Low Cristallinity Grade 1.27 1.28 1.275
PESU - Polyethersulfone 1.37 1.46 1.415
PESU 10-30% glass fiber 1.5 1.6 1.55
PET - Polyethylene Terephtalate 1.3 1.4 1.35
PET, 30% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.5 1.6 1.55
PET, 30/35% Glass Fiber-reinforced, Impact Modified 1.5 1.5 1.5
PETG - Polyethylene Terephtalate Glycol 1.27 1.38 1.325
PFA - Perfluoroalkoxy 2.1 2.2 2.15
PGA - Polyglycolides 1.4 1.6 1.5
PHB - Polyhydroxybutyrate 1.3 1.5 1.4
PI - Polyimide 1.31 1.43 1.37
PLA - Polylactide 1.23 1.25 1.24
PLA, Fiber Melt Spinning 1.23 1.25 1.24
PLA, Heat Seal Layer 1.23 1.25 1.24
PLA, High Heat Films 1.23 1.25 1.24
PLA,injection molding 1.24 1.26 1.25
PLA, Spunbond 1.23 1.25 1.24
PLA, Stretch blow molded bottles 1.23 1.25 1.24
PMMA - Polymethylmethacrylate/Acrylic 1.17 1.2 1.185
PMMA (Acrylic) High Heat 1.15 1.25 1.2
PMMA (Acrylic) Impact Modified 1.1 1.2 1.15
PMP - Polymethylpentene 0.835 0.84 0.8375
PMP 30% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.05 1.05 1.05
PMP Mineral Filled 1.08 1.1 1.09
POM - Polyoxymethylene (Acetal) 1.41 1.42 1.415
POM (Acetal) Impact Modified 1.3 1.35 1.325
POM (Acetal) Low Friction 1.4 1.54 1.47
POM (Acetal) Mineral Filled 1.5 1.6 1.55
PP - Polypropylene 10-20% Glass Fiber 0.97 1.05 1.01
PP, 10-40% Mineral Filled 0.97 1.25 1.11
PP, 10-40% Talc Filled 0.97 1.25 1.11
PP, 30-40% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.1 1.23 1.165
PP (Polypropylene) Copolymer 0.9 0.91 0.905
PP (Polypropylene) Homopolymer 0.9 0.91 0.905
PP Homopolymer, Long Glass Fiber, 30% Filler by Weight 1.1 1.1 1.1
PP Homopolymer, Long Glass Fiber, 40% Filler by Weight 1.2 1.2 1.2
PP Homopolymer, Long Glass Fiber, 50% Filler by Weight 1.3 1.3 1.3
PP, Impact Modified 0.88 0.91 0.895
PPA - Polyphthalamide 1.11 1.2 1.155
PPA, 33% Glass Fiber-reinforced High Flow 0.14 0.15 0.145
PPA, 45% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.58 1.6 1.59
PPE - Polyphenylene Ether 1.04 1.1 1.07
PPE, 30% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.26 1.28 1.27
PPE, Flame Retardant 1.06 1.1 1.08
PPE, Impact Modified 1 1.1 1.05
PPE, Mineral Filled 1.2 1.25 1.225
PPS - Polyphenylene Sulfide 1.35 1.35 1.35
PPS, 20-30% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.4 1.6 1.5
PPS, 40% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.6 1.7 1.65
PPS, Conductive 1.4 1.8 1.6
PPS, Glass fiber & Mineral-filled 1.8 2 1.9
PPSU - Polyphenylene Sulfone 1.29 1.3 1.295
PS (Polystyrene) 30% glass fiber 1.25 1.25 1.25
PS (Polystyrene) Crystal 1.04 1.05 1.045
PS, High Heat 1.04 1.05 1.045
PSU - Polysulfone 1.24 1.25 1.245
PSU, 30% Glass finer-reinforced 1.4 1.5 1.45
PSU Mineral Filled 1.5 1.6 1.55
PTFE - Polytetrafluoroethylene 2.1 2.2 2.15
PTFE, 25% Glass Fiber-reinforced 2.2 2.3 2.25
PU - Polyurethane 0.08 0.8 0.44
PVA - Polyvinyl Alcohol 1.19 1.31 1.25
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride), 20% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.45 1.5 1.475
PVC, Plasticized 1.3 1.7 1.5
PVC, Plasticized Filled 1.15 1.35 1.25
PVC Rigid 1.35 1.5 1.425
PVDC - Polyvinylidene Chloride 1.6 1.75 1.675
PVDF - Polyvinylidene Fluoride 1.7 1.8 1.75
SAN - Styrene Acrylonitrile 1.06 1.1 1.08
SAN, 20% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.2 1.4 1.3
SMA - Styrene Maleic Anhydride 1.05 1.08 1.065
SMA, 20% Glass Fiber-reinforced 1.2 1.2 1.2
SMA, Flame Retardant V0 1.2 1.2 1.2
SMMA - Styrene Methyl Methacrylate 1.05 1.13 1.09
SBR - Styrene-butadiene rubber 0.97 0.99 0.98
SRP - Self-reinforced Polyphenylene 1.19 1.21 1.2
TPI-PEEK Blend, Ultra-high heat, Chemical Resistant, High Flow, 240C UL RTI 1.38 1.38 1.38
TPS/PE BLend - Thermoplastic Starch/ Polyethylene Blend (30 micron films tested) 1.15 1.2 1.175
TPS, Injection General Purpose 1.4 1.65 1.525
TPS, Water Resistant 1.34 1.38 1.36
TPU - Thermoplastic polyurethane 1.06 1.21 1.135
UHMWPE - Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene 0.93 0.95 0.94
XLPE - Crosslinked Polyethylene 0.915 1.4 1.1575

 

 

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FOAM & BOTTLESExpanded polystyrene is used to package household electrical goods, while soft drinks and water is sold in PET plastic bottles by the billions every year. The numbers are staggering. It's no wonder then that some of this plastic will end up on our plate in one form or another, potentially as a toxin carrier. Copyright photograph 22-7-17 Cleaner Ocean Foundation Ltd, all rights reserved.

 

 

 

ABS - BIOMAGNIFICATION - BP DEEPWATER - CANCER - CARRIER BAGS - CLOTHING - COTTON BUDS - DDT - FISHING NETS

FUKUSHIMA - HEAVY METALS - MARINE LITTER - MICROBEADS - MICRO PLASTICS - NYLON - OCEAN GYRES - OCEAN WASTE

 PACKAGING - PCBS - PET - PLASTIC - PLASTICS -  POLYCARBONATE - POLYSTYRENE - POLYPROPYLENE - POLYTHENE - POPS

  PVC - SHOES - SINGLE USE - SOUP - STRAWS - WATER

 

 

 

 This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. copyright Cleaner Oceans Foundation Ltd (COFL) (Company No: 4674774) 2018. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom. COFL is a charity without share capital.

 

 

 

 

THE A TO Z INDEX OF PLASTICS