THERESA MAY - has said her government is serious about improving the environment after pressure groups gave a lukewarm response to a 25-year green plan, praising its ambition but warning that it lacked sufficient proposals for immediate action.
HOW MUCH IS THE EARTH HEATING UP - As of early 2017, the Earth had warmed by roughly 2 degrees Fahrenheit (more than 1 degree Celsius) since 1880, when records began at a global scale. The number may sound low, but as an average over the surface of an entire planet, it is actually high, which explains why much of the world’s land ice is starting to melt and the oceans are rising at an accelerating pace. If greenhouse gas emissions continue unchecked, scientists say, the global warming could ultimately exceed 8 degrees Fahrenheit, which would undermine the planet’s capacity to support a large human population.
According to a 2013 report, temperatures in the shallowest waters of our oceans rose by more than 0.1 degree Celsius (0.18 degree Fahrenheit) each decade between 1970 and 2010.
CLIMATE CHANGE MIGRATION - Fish are moving to colder waters to keep within their preferred temperature parameters. Cod and sardines are moving north as the oceans warm.
These are just six ways that warmer temperatures are affecting our oceans:-
1. Coral bleaching
2. Fish migration
3. Fish shrinkage
A new study (21-8-17) by researchers at the University of British Columbia explains that fish are cold blooded and cannot regulate their own body temperatures. Thus, when their waters get warmer, their metabolism accelerates and more oxygen is needed to sustain body functions. For this reason fish could shrink in size by 20 to 30 per cent if ocean temperatures rise by just 2°C (3.6°F) - about what is expected to occur around the world by the mid-21st century.
GILL OXYGEN LIMITATION THEORY - There is a point where the gills of a fish cannot supply enough oxygen for a larger body, so the fish just stops growing larger. This is very similar to insects where oxygen supply is by spiracles rather than lungs, also limiting growth size. The surface area of the gills – where oxygen is obtained – doesn't grow at the same pace as the rest of the body. Dr Daniel Pauly (lead author of the study) calls this principle the 'gill-oxygen limitation theory.'
As of early 2017, the Earth had warmed by roughly 2 degrees Fahrenheit (more than 1 degree Celsius) since 1880, when records began at a global scale. The number may sound low, but as an average over the surface of an entire planet, it is actually high, which explains why much of the world’s land ice is starting to melt and the oceans are rising at an accelerating pace. If greenhouse gas emissions continue unchecked, scientists say, the global warming could ultimately exceed 8 degrees Fahrenheit, which would undermine the planet’s capacity to support a large human population.
4. Drowning wetlands
5. Ocean acidification
6. A disastrous positive feedback loop
COP THAT - The United Nations Climate Change Conferences are yearly conferences held in the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They serve as the formal meeting of the UNFCCC Parties (Conference of the Parties, COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change, and beginning in the mid-1990s, to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. From 2005 the Conferences have also served as the "Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol" (CMP); also parties to the Convention that are not parties to the Protocol can participate in Protocol-related meetings as observers. From 2011 the meetings have also been used to negotiate the Paris Agreement as part of the Durban platform activities until its conclusion in 2015, which created a general path towards climate action. The first UN Climate Change Conference was held in 1995 in Berlin.
WHAT! - Business success does not appear to go hand-in-glove with conservation needs, where there is no profit in doing the right thing, other than saving the planet. But you cannot bank saving the planet. This begs the question, do we want hard nosed business non-ethics entering the political arena. Want it or not the USA have got it, while the entrepreneur is doing his best to develop a conscience.
SCIENCE DAILY JUNE 28 2017 - TURNING THE CLIMATE TIDE BY 2020
The climate math is brutally clear
STUNTED FISH GROWTH - Without the ability to regulate their metabolism, fish don't grow so large in warmer waters. This explains why more northern waters produce the biggest and juiciest prawns.
MARINE LIFE - This humpback whale is one example of a magnificent animal that is at the mercy of human activity on planet earth. Humans are for the most part unaware of the harm their fast-lane lifestyles are causing. We aim to change that by doing all we can to promote ocean literacy and climate awareness.
THE ECONOMIC TIMES 26 JUNE 2017
When people think of climate change, pictures of melting glaciers, sweltering heat in summers and flooding of coastal areas predominate. Often lost in the imagery is the role the world's oceans play in countering the worst effects of global warming.
According to the atlas, oceans have absorbed an astounding 93% of the excess heat over the past 40 years. Increased atmospheric temperatures are attributable to just 3% of this additional thermal energy and would be much greater if not for the oceans. The extra warmth is essentially hidden in the ocean, where it slowly spreads through the depths. Because of this, the surface temperature only increases at a snail's pace.
LINKS & REFERENCE
RECYCLING OLD BUILDINGS - Solar House is an old generating building dating from C.1900 that formerly burned coal gas made on site from coal to produce electricity for a country manor house and a local Sussex village up until 1936. The village of Herstmonceux boasted street lighting and electric ovens by 1913 because of this enterprise. Today this monument to innovation in the age of electricity is being equipped with photovoltaic panels, a wind turbine and solar water heaters - to become all but self sufficient in energy terms. With local authorities struggling to meet targets set by the Climate Change Act 2008, this building may be the only one in Sussex to reduce its carbon footprint to below 1990 levels as per the 2050 target set by the UK Government. In 2006 the UK encouraged microgeneration and harvesting heat from the sun for hot water, etc., with the Sustainable Energy Act.
Strangely, the local authority (Wealden) objects to such eco-upgrading, apparently not realizing that the fight against climate change begins at home. The negative attitude of any council that should be urging property developers to go green is disturbing to say the least, and may be more widespread in the UK rather than an isolated case, where it seems that some councils are living in the dark ages in terms of planning policy that is not being implemented as it was intended by the British Government. All the more reason for an awareness campaign, to shake the cobwebs from the corridors of power - which members appear to be pursuing alternative agendas - or they simply don't care. It may be that planning staff are ignorant of ways to capture energy from nature. If that is the case they could be trained or council's might employ energy conservation specialists in place of dyed in the wool RTPI members who are out of touch with a fast changing world - that needs to change even faster to avoid more lost crops and wild-fires.
This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. Copyright © Cleaner Oceans Foundation Ltd (COFL) (Company No: 4674774) 2018. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom. COFL is a charity without share capital.