DFDS FERRIES & SHIPPING
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FERRY ROUTES - DFDS European ferry routes include Baltic Sea crossings from Sweden to Lithuania (Karlshamn-Klaipeda), a route between Sweden and Estonia (Kapellskar-Paldiski), and also Germany to Lithuania (Kiel-Klaipeda). They also have a crossing from Copenhagen to Oslo, providing an ideal link to Scandinavia.
DFDS is a Danish international shipping and logistics company based in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is
thought to be the busiest shipping company of its kind in Northern Europe and one of the busiest in Europe. The company's name is an abbreviation of Det Forenede Dampskibs-Selskab (literally The United Steamship Company). DFDS was founded in 1866, when C.F. Tietgen merged the three biggest Danish steamship companies of that day.
DFDS Tor Line
- DFDS Tor Line was the main freight-carrying division of DFDS. It operated a large number of RO-RO freighters on the North Sea as well as the Baltic Sea. It was formed as merger of DFDS' and Tor Line's freight operations after DFDS bought the latter in 1982 (until 1988 the passenger service between Sweden and the United Kingdom was also marketed as DFDS Tor Line). The operation of DFDS Tor Line were integrated into DFDS following the acquisition of Norfolkline in 2010.
Norfolkline - Norfolkline was a European ferry operator and logistics company owned by Maersk. It provided freight ferry services on the English channel,
Sea, and the North Sea; and passenger ferry services on the
English channel and Irish Sea; and logistics services across Europe. Norfolkline employed more than 2,200 employees in 13 countries across Europe, operating out of 35 different locations. It was acquired by DFDS in July 2010. Maersk received a 31.3 percent stake in DFDS as part payment. After a two-year lock-up period of the shares they were sold in September 2013.
GUARANTEE - FREE CANCELLATIONS - At DFDS it was business as usual, whatever the outcome of Brexit. They
created a Brexit Guarantee so you can rest assured your trip is safe and you can book with confidence.
Coastal tourism depends on people being able to get to the coast from inland conveniently, and in some cases to hop across the water from one coast to another. Cross Channel ferries were born to cater for those who wanted to experience the sea and see life on the opposite side of the English Channel, or Le Manche as it is known in France. The EuroTunnel is another way of getting to the other side of the Channel, with claims to be low carbon but has limited service for passengers.
Ferry services are needed to get from Ireland to England via St George's Channel and to and from the Isle of Man across the Irish Sea, from England to the Isle of Wight and umpteen other islands, such as Skye and Mull in Scotland. Roll on roll off ferries allow drivers to tour in their own vehicles.
Ferry services operate all over the world to transport passengers to and from the myriad islands, transporting passengers and goods. Such services are essential transport for goods apart from coastal tourism, the trade for which exotic locations in on the rise calculated in the $Billions of dollars, despite a 2018 Report telling us that global tourism is responsible for 8% of carbon emissions, much of which is blamed on the burning of aviation kerosene, the equivalent of the old sulfurous bunker heavy oil fuels now outlawed by the IMO's MARPOL regulations.
Coastal tourism is also popular for sailors who want a long weekend on the water and for those who want to explore the coasts of Europe, the Adriatic, Baltic, Bay of Biscay, Black Sea, and Mediterranean Sea.
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FERRY ROUTES - Apart from Dover to Calais and Newhaven to Dieppe, there are many other longer sailings that give you a choice of destination in France.
CROSS CHANNEL FERRY OPERATORS & ISLAND SERVICES
DFDS are one of northern Europe’s biggest ferry operators. They run 8 passenger routes including 4 between the UK and the Continent.
DFDS have routes between Norway and Denmark and crossings linking Germany and Sweden with Lithuania and Estonia, providing convenient access to Scandinavia and the
CROSS CHANNEL FERRY OPERATORS & ROUTE OPTIONS
The English Channel stretches for about 350 miles and is 150 miles across at its widest point, while the narrowest is a mere 21 miles at the Dover Strait.
The cross channel ferry route you choose is sure to be influenced by multiple factors. Cost of the fare is one of the main priorities as is speed of transit. But there are other considerations that could save you money and time in the long term.
Sometimes the shortest route isn’t the most convenient for accessing much of France. What you save in cheaper ferry fares you might pay for in diesel and petrol fuels for conventional ICE cars, and tolls because of a longer land journey. The heralding in of electric vehicles with supporting infrastructure will change that, as will the 2030 targets set by the IMO for lower shipping emissions begin to take effect as they are gradually implemented.
Assuming that these targets are met, more local coastal tourism will be far more sustainable than global tourism reliant on flying to exotic destinations, no matter how alluring the thought of white sandy beaches and clear blue tropical seas.
SOLAR & WIND POWERED FERRY - The Cross Channel Challenger (CCC) was a project on the drawing board in 2019 looking for backing to develop a coastal cruiser that is zero carbon just like the hydrogen projects, but where the vessel converts energy from nature onboard for propulsion without risk of hydrogen leaks or fires.
This was a toe-in-the-water project that the Foundation could not move on, using budget off the shelf equipment to keep the costs down. Hence, the theoretical performance was lower than might be achieved but higher than the current benchmark. It could have been a useful stepping stone to medium range ferries and eventually bigger ships with longer ranges. Solar combined with wind power could be the winning combination. Comparing the two technologies will be interesting. For sure, the solar powered ferries could have lower operating costs.
Since 2019, a study in July 2021 has shown that the hull design in basic, could be adapted to cross the Atlantic on hydrogen power alone, with solar assistance, as a top up power source. Food for thought for Waterborne and Zero Emission Waterborne Transport (ZEWT) advocates in Europe. The aim would be to adapt the concept to practical ZESTA ferries, especially for island nations who depend on shipping for their economies. The proposed design is also safer, leak wise.
BLUE GROWTH STRATEGY
As part of EU's Blue Growth strategy, the coastal and maritime tourism sector has been identified as an area with special potential to foster a smart, sustainable and inclusive Europe. It is the biggest maritime sector in terms of gross value added and employment and, according to the Blue Growth Study is expected to increase by 2-3% by 2020. In 2012, Cruise tourism alone represents 330,000 jobs and a direct turnover of €15.5 billion and is expected to grow.
European Maritime Day (EMD) 2013 focused on coastal and maritime tourism and was the opportunity to introduce the results of a public consultation launched to prepare a communication on coastal and maritime tourism. The EU Commission adopted a Communication on "A European Strategy for more Growth and Jobs in Coastal and Maritime Tourism" on 20 February 2014, presenting a new strategy to enhance coastal and maritime tourism in Europe in order to unlock the potential of this promising sector.
The extraordinary beauty, cultural wealth and great diversity of EU's coastal areas have made them the preferred destination for many holidaymakers in Europe and abroad.
This sector employs over 3.2 million people, generating a total of € 183 billion in gross value added and representing over one third of the maritime economy. As much as 51% of bed capacity in hotels across Europe is concentrated in regions with a sea border.
INDEX OF H2 POWERED FUEL CELL SHIPS
LINKS & REFERENCE
DFDS - Ferry leaving an English harbour bound for France.
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